NSI: No Employees in Half of the Companies in Bulgaria

Similar to the statistics of human population, business demography describes the life cycle of the enterprises; their birth, survival, and development until death. A survey of NSI in the field "Demography of Enterprises" for 2012-2016 shows that almost half of the active companies in Bulgaria are without any hired employees and only their owners work in them. In 2016, the number of "monopolies" was 169,625, or 48.7% of all those that acted.


In the year 2016, there were 347,967 companies in the country, 2.6% more than the previous year.

The new enterprises are 42,450, with most new businesses being born in the trading sphere. For the last five years, the annual average percent for newborn enterprises was 12.2% of the number of active enterprises during this period.

Companies with 1 to 4 staff are the second largest in Bulgaria. They are 127,187 - a little over a third of all operating businesses. Only 7.9% of the active companies have a staff of 10 or more people, but they feed about 70% of the working Bulgarians. For the 2012 - 2016 period the highest share of newborn enterprises is in sector ‘Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles’.

NSI points out that in 2015 32,745 out of all 40,358 new companies successfully experienced their first year. The most active companies are the ones in the transport and warehousing sector, but every tenth company has "died" in 2015 /companies that have not been active for more than two years/. The most viable are the companies in the extractive industry, the water and sewerage sector, the energy sector.

Petya Petrova

Petya Petrova is a journalist, believer, and traveler.

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